Historic Spots in Imam Moussa Al-Sadr’s Biography

1928 -  Born on June 4 in Quom, Iran from a family of eminent scholars that descended from Sayed Saleh Charafeddine of Shohour, in South Lebanon.

1934 -  Joined the elementary school in Quom and graduated from high school in 1946.

1941 -  Started his Hawzah (jurisprudence) studies in Quom which continued until he achieved ljtihad (interpretive) level.

1950 -  Joined the Law School in Tehran University, Department of Economics from which, he graduated in 1953. He was the first cleric to join the university.

1954 -  Traveled to Najaf, Iraq for higher jurisprudence studies. He was a member of  "Muntada Al-Nashr"(Forum of Publishing) in Najaf, which held and published cultural seminars and lectures.

1958 -  Went back to Iran, co-founded "Maktab Islam", the first Islamic cultural magazine in the Hawzah in Quom, which played a major role in the rise of intellectual awareness in Iran. He also was its editor-in-chief and contributed with a number of articles.

1959 -  Participated with myriad of people such as, Ayatollahs :Beheshti, Aazari Qomi and Makarim Shirazi in revising jurisprudence curriculum in Qom.

1960 -  Migrated to Tyre (Lebanon) and became the town's religious scholar after having visited it in 1955 and 1957, when the late Imam Sayed Abdul-Hussein Charafeddine urged him to be his successor.

1961 -  Launched his institutional social programs. He reorganized "Jami'iyat Al-Berr wa Al-Ihsan"(Philanthropic Association for Charity) which was formerly founded in 1948 by the late Imam Charafeddine. On the other hand, he established educational, vocational, health, social and Hawzah institutions. Among other achievements these activities resulted in:
-Giving women an essential role in social work and development starting with activating literacy classes,
-Initiating support programs for the needy in Tyre district, which led to the elimination of destitution.

1964 – Outside the city of Tyre (Lebanon), Imam introduced himself to the Social and intellectual forum.  He was invited to be a guest speaker at "The Lebanese Forum" supervised by Michel Asmar, and in which Sheikh Sobhi Al-Saleh Father Yuwakim Mobarak and many intellectuals and scholars from all the Lebanese communities participated. He lectured on the Islamic Shi,a Faith, Dialog between Religions, Dialog between Cultures, and the situation in Lebanon. This was the beginning of cooperation with the members of the Forum.

1966 -Pointed out, after a series of intensive deliberations, studies and measures, the necessity of organizing the affairs of the Shia community in an institutional body. As a result, the Lebanese Parliament passed the law establishing the Supreme Moslem Shi'i Council in 1967. This was a starting point for his comprehensive program demanding the development of the deprived areas and improving the defense measures of South Lebanon.

1969 -  Was elected as president of the Supreme Muslim Shi'i Council. In his inauguration speech, he called for unity among Islamic sects.

1970 -  Formed the "The South Support League"(Hay'at Nusrat  Al-Janoub) with heads of other Lebanese religious affiliations.
Called for a national peaceful strike, on May 26, during which 50 thousand people gathered in front of the Supreme Shi'i Muslim Council's Headquarter. Consequently, "The Council of the South" was founded by the government with a mission to develop South Lebanon.

1971 -  Presented a proposal addressing issues of importance in the national and Islamic word, at the Sixth meeting of the "Islamic Research Forum" in Cairo, in which he had been an active member since 1968.

1972 -  He warned the government of the consequences of negligence of shouldering her responsibilities in defending the South and developing the deprived areas.
He also intensified his awareness campaign by issuing statements to the national and world public opinions and by lecturing at universities, mosques, and churches.

1974 -  Held a rally in Baalback (attended by 100 thousand people) and another in Tyre  (attended by 150 thousand people), where the audience solemnly swore with the Imam to strife as long as there remains a single deprived person or region in Lebanon. This gave birth to the "Movement of the Deprived".
Over 190 prominent intellectual figures of different Lebanese religious affiliations, issued a document supporting Imam Al-Sadr's movement.

1975 -  Imam started a hunger strike in Al-Safa Mosque in Beirut on July 27 to protest against the escalation of violence. This strike lasted five days and resulted in a national reconciliation cabinet that adopted his demands. He then headed for the Bekaa christian villages of Al-Kaa and Deir El-Ahmar where he succeeded in lifting the siege against them.

1976 -  Participated in the Lebanese-Islamic Summit in Aramoun, Lebanon. This summit came up with a "Constitutional Document" that Imam Al-Sadr considered as an opening to peace and national reconciliation in Lebanon.
Imam made arduous efforts with Arab Leaders to end the civil war in Lebanon. Accordingly, Riadh Summit on October 16, 1976 and Cairo Summit on October 25, 1976 were held and resulted in the deployment of the Arab Deterrent Forces to Lebanon.

1977 -  Proposed a plan for political and social reform, which will also put an end to the civil war in Lebanon. In this plan, the Imam emphasized that Lebanon is a final homeland for all its citizens, that Lebanon's unity and integrity should be protected against any aggression, and that the coexistence of all Lebanese communities should be preserved. Later on, the contents of his plan became the bases for the "National Agreement", known as the "Ta'ef Agreement", reached by all the Lebanese parties and leaders, and which actually ended the civil war.  Culminated his stands against the regime of the Shah of Iran and voiced his support for the Islamic Movement in Iran. This was in memory of Martyr Dr.Ali Shari'ati, one of the most influential Islamic intellectuals in Iran.

1978 -  Launched a series of visits to some Arab heads of states, after an Israeli invasion of Lebanon requesting their support to stop the civil war and to force the implementation of UN Security Council
Resolution 425. . He arrived in Libya on August 25, on an official invitation, accompanied by 2 of his close aids,Sheikh Mohammad Ya'akoub and Journalist Abbas Badreddine. As of August 31, no further contacts were possible with Imam Al-Sadr or his two companions.

 
 
 
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